ERIC Number: ED339191
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Chinese Students, American Universities, and Cultural Confrontation.
Upton, Thomas A.
MinneTESOL Journal, v7 p9-28 1987-89
A discussion of issues in the cultural adjustment of Chinese students in American universities compares and contrasts the educational philosophies and organizations of the two countries and the expectations and cultural norms of the two groups of students. The history of Chinese international exchange since 1949 is briefly reviewed, and the potential for cultural conflict is outlined. Contrasts found in educational philosophies include substantial differences in the student-teacher relationship, the moral-political nature of Chinese education vs. the strictly academic philosophy of American education, and the American view of education as a means to personal achievement. It is noted that these contrasts are manifested in Chinese students' attitudes toward American students. The degree of centralization and control of educational programs in the two countries is seen as the major difference in educational structures, resulting in new demands on Chinese students' sense of responsibility, initiative, and independence. Student attitudes toward education and the teacher's role and teaching style are contrasted, and specific areas of cultural confrontation and adjustment difficulties for the Chinese student are pinpointed. It is suggested that Chinese students need to be better prepared for the cultural differences they will face in American universities. (MSE)
Descriptors: College Students, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Culture Conflict, Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Expectation, Foreign Countries, Foreign Students, Higher Education, International Educational Exchange, Student Adjustment, Student Attitudes, Teacher Student Relationship, Universities
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; United States