ERIC Number: ED339181
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
The SNAP System for Inservice Training of Regular Educators. Final Project Report.
Malouf, David B.; Pilato, Virginia H.
This report discusses a project to develop, test, and disseminate the SNAP (Smart Needs Assessment Program) system for needs assessment and inservice training of regular educators to work with students with disabilities. The SNAP system is an expert system that defines the training needs of individual teachers and links these needs with training experiences. The system's three modules provide: (1) background information on professional roles, special education students, and general approaches for mainstreaming; (2) information on approaches to improving reading, mathematics, and general learning; (3) information on behavioral and emotional management. The system helps the teacher to define his or her training needs and interests and recommends appropriate training materials from the approximately 175 items included in the system. This report describes activities during the third year of the project and includes a paper by V. H. Pilato and others titled "SNAP System End of Second Year Evaluation." One-page summaries of 125 learning strategies in the expert system knowledge base are provided. These learning strategies focus on such topics as encouraging students to speak up, improving reading comprehension with semantic mapping, graphic organizers, and teaching time using the whole clock method. One-page summaries of 54 behavior strategies (such as contingency contracting, learning stations, and attending to student feelings) are also provided. Also included are text versions of the learning strategy selector knowledge base, the behavior strategy selector knowledge base, and the batch files. (17 references) (JDD)
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Classroom Techniques, Database Design, Databases, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Expert Systems, Information Systems, Inservice Teacher Education, Learning Strategies, Mainstreaming, Needs Assessment, Postsecondary Education, Problem Solving, Program Development, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Inst. for the Study of Exceptional Children and Youth.