ERIC Number: ED339109
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jun
The Principal: Leader or Manager?
Duffee, Lois G.
Various descriptions of the principal's role exist. They include being an instructional leader, a manager, an administrator, or a supervisor. This paper presents a view that the role of the principal is not one that includes both instructional leadership and school site management. Two distinct schools of thought within educational administration theory are examined. The first is the positivistic school that attempts to provide administrators with strategies and methods that help them to develop more efficient and effective organizations. The alternative view attempts to teach administrators to be more reflective and artful in their administrative role by developing the organization as a reflection of the realities of the employees. From these two perspectives, the role of leadership and management is examined. Principals can be effective as managers, but the constraints of the work environment limit their effectiveness as instructional leaders. Five clusters of situational obstacles which constrain a principal's actions are detailed. They include constraints from teachers, from the principal's role, and from board-level administration. (33 references) (RR)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for the Study of Education (Kingston, Ontario, June 2-5, 1991).