ERIC Number: ED338957
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-19
Social Competence Predictors of Adolescent Antisocial Behavior.
Arthur, Michael W.; Kuperminc, Gabriel P.
Social competence promotion has emerged as a promising strategy for the prevention of adolescent antisocial behavior. However, although evaluations of social skills training interventions consistently have shown improvements in participants' skill levels, the evidence for long-term behavioral improvements is equivocal. Variables such as social goals, efficacy expectations, and values likely influence an individual's motivation to behave in a socially competent manner. Unfortunately, little is known about relationships among these variables. This study examined relationships between adolescents' social competence, social goals, efficacy expectations, values, and antisocial behavior. Eighty male adolescents targeted by a statewide delinquency and substance use prevention initiative were administered an abbreviated version of the Adolescent Problems Inventory and a self-report measure of delinquent behavior. Their teachers also completed the Child Behavior Checklist. Correlation and regression analyses indicated that social goals, efficacy expectations, and values were related to social competence ratings. Social competence ratings predicted self-reported delinquency, while values and goals were related to teacher-reported externalizing behavior problems. No differences between younger and older adolescents were observed. These findings suggest that social competence promotion interventions address participants' social goals, efficacy expectations, and values. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-21, 1991).