ERIC Number: ED338930
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Adolescents' Perceptions of Adult Status: Marriage Makes the Woman.
Wheatley, Susan M.; And Others
Several studies converge in the finding that marriage is a salient transition event in the future expectancies of mid- and late adolescent females. Marriage figures more prominently in the future expectancies of late adolescent females than do other transition events, and more prominently in the future expectancies of adolescent females than does any other transition event anticipated by adolescent males. This study examined one factor which may contribute to the differential salience of marriage in the future expectancies of late adolescents: the effect which marriage, as an adult transition, has on adolescents' perceptions of adult status. Using a within-subjects design, 160 high school and college students rated the adult status of characters described in 24 vignettes. Vignettes covaried age and transition status in their descriptions of male and female characters. Analysis of adult status ratings revealed that: (1) marriage was more determinative of adult status for female than male characters; (2) marriage enhanced adult status ratings of both female and male characters when other adulthood transitions had been accomplished; but (3) when other adulthood transitions had not been accomplished, marriage exerted a compensatory effect in status ratings for female, but not male characters. The results indicated that the transition to marriage was more determinative of perceived status in female than in male characters. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Poster presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).