ERIC Number: ED338859
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Description of a Framework of Macroprofiles (Archetypes).
Paracone, Corrado; And Others
Offices are places in which information is generated and processed. According to the classic theories of labor organization, human activities can be roughly divided into two main families: manual and intellectual. Each family can be broken down into three basic stages: planning, performance, and supervision. The families and basic stages can be interlinked to obtain a framework of the overall content of work. An analysis of the division of labor based on the main families of work and basic stages provides six primary families of workers: manual work planners, intellectual work planners, manual work performers, intellectual work performers, manual work supervisors, and intellectual work supervisors. The basic feature of factory work seems to be its two-dimensional nature--reasoning and acting. Although the introduction of new technology modifies the structure of job skill needs, the way in which it is linked to labor organization choices determines the job skill content. The emerging overall skills needs are of two main types: specialist and integrator. The new conception of work as a permanent creative process has implications for job skills, industrial relations, and training. A set of training archetypes has been developed that can be divided into traditional and specialist archetypes and highly innovative archetypes. Areas surveyed include office work, financial services, agriculture, and environment. (Detailed specifications of six archetypes are appended.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Automation, Economic Progress, Emerging Occupations, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), Industry, Innovation, Job Performance, Job Skills, Job Training, Labor Needs, Models, Modernization, Occupational Information, Office Occupations, Postsecondary Education, Profiles, Technological Advancement, Technology Transfer
UNIPUB, 4661-F Assembly Drive, Lanham, MD 20706-4391 (Catalogue No. HX-70-91-257-EN-C: $8.61).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Berlin (Germany).