ERIC Number: ED338739
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Boys & Girls Clubs on Alcohol and Other Drug Use and Related Problems in Public Housing. Final Research Report.
Schinke, Steven P.; And Others
This comparative study evaluates the effects of Boys and Girls Clubs and related SMART Moves drug prevention programs on children and adolescents living in public housing and on the quality of life in public housing. The study involves 15 public housing developments in a representative sample of American cities and focuses on alcohol and other drug use, delinquency, and Boys Clubs and Girls Clubs, which included the SMART Moves drug abuse prevention program; another five were served by traditional Boys and Girls Clubs; and the remaining five sites had no Boys and Girls Clubs. Analysis of the data indicates that the clubs exert a positive and palpable influence on the human and physical environment. Youth with access to the clubs are more involved in health and constructive activity. Adult residents also are positively affected by the clubs. For youth and adults alike, the presence of Boys Clubs and Girls Clubs is associated with an overall reduction in drug and alcohol use, drug trafficking, and other related criminal activities. The presence of crack cocaine is lowest at sites that include the SMART Moves program. Finally, the presence of the clubs appears to boost morale generally and encourages residents to organize and improve their communities. Six graphs are appended. (JB)
Descriptors: Athletics, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention, Drinking, Drug Use, Prevention, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Public Housing, Quality of Life, Urban Problems, Urban Youth, Vandalism, Youth Clubs, Youth Programs
Boys and Girls Clubs of America, 771 First Avenue, New York, NY 10017 (free).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Office for Substance Abuse Prevention.
Authoring Institution: Boys' Clubs of America, New York, NY.