ERIC Number: ED338719
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Dec-9
Reference Count: N/A
Lawrence et al. v. South Carolina State Board of Education. Opinion No. 23526. Heard October 31, 1991--Filed December 9, 1991.
South Carolina State Supreme Court, Columbia.
This court litigation reverses Farris and Black of Home School Legal Defense Association v. South Carolina State Board of Education, which found that the Education Entrance Examination (EEE) was properly validated for use in testing home school instructors as regulated by S. C. Code Ann. Section 59-65-40(A)(1)(a)(1990), the home schooling statute (HSS). The HSS ensures that use of the EEE is reasonable since validation requires an appraisal of the examination's suitability to test an examinee's ability in a given context. After passage of the HSS, the Department of Education (DOE) contracted with IOX Assessment Associates to evaluate the EEE's suitability. The IOX assembled a 33-member panel (17 home school instructors and 16 public school and college teachers) that evaluated each EEE item for task-relatedness and bias. Based on the results, the DOE validated the EEE as provided in the HSS. Lawrence et al. challenge the validation process on several grounds, and hold that the validation process does not meet a standard of reasonableness. These appellants contend that: the validation is defective because panelists were given no "job analysis" or description of successful home schooling; and since 16 of the panelists knew nothing about home schooling, it is manifestly unreasonable to rely on their evaluations of task-relatedness in validating the EEE. The discrepancy in task-relatedness scores for the home schoolers compared to the entire group show that the panelists' qualifications impacted these scores. This South Carolina Supreme Court case finds that the State's validation process fails to meet a standard of reasonableness, and the requirement that parents pass the EEE is unenforceable under the HSS. (RLC)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: South Carolina State Supreme Court, Columbia.