ERIC Number: ED338456
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
High School and Student Characteristics in Rural and Urban Areas of Ohio.
McCracken, J. David; Barcinas, Jeff David T.
This paper examines the relationships between school location (urban versus rural) and students' occupational and educational aspirations. It also explores the relationships between student background factors and location of school. The sample consisted of 529 seniors in the class of 1989 in 10 rural high schools, and 718 seniors in 5 urban high schools. Data were obtained by a questionnaire survey and a review of academic records. Large differences were found between urban and rural school characteristics. Urban schools were larger; had more teachers, administrators, and support staff; and offered more courses and extra-curricular activities. They were also more costly to operate on a per-pupil expenditure basis. Rural students appeared to be fairly homogeneous, while the urban students seemed to have a greater mix of race and cultures. The high school curricula in the urban schools emphasized either academic education or vocational education. Few students were in what might be called a general curriculum. However, one-fourth of the students in the rural schools were enrolled in the general curriculum. Socioeconomic status scores were much lower for families in rural areas than for families in urban areas. Most students planned to advance their education beyond high school. Students from urban and rural areas differed little in their levels of occupational aspirations; however, students in rural areas have lower income expectations. It is recommended that the positive features of rural and urban schools be combined. (KS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: School and Community Influences on Occupational and Educational Plans of Rural Youth. Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, 1991, p43-50; see RC 018 361.