ERIC Number: ED338376
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Facilitating Toddler Interaction through Interior Environmental Design in a Child Care Setting.
Wynn, Ruth L.; And Others
This study was a joint undertaking of interior environmental designers and a child developmentalist. The goal of the study was to increase peer interation between children in two classes held in one classroom. Children were observed for 7 weeks, in three periods: weeks 2 and 3 (time 1); weeks 4 and 5 (time 2); and weeks 6 and 7 (time 3). Observers noted children's location in activity areas, affect, degree of social involvement, and verbalization. Observations at times 1 and 2 indicated a low level of social interaction among children, and a reliance on the presence of the head teacher. Between weeks 5 and 6, the classroom was redesigned to provide open vistas so that children could scan the entire room without interrupting their play. Distracting items, such as unnecessary shelving and bulletin boards, were removed. After the observations at time 3, results indicated that there was no difference in types of play between time 1 and time 2. There was, however, a difference in amount of interactive play between time 3 and the earlier times. There was no change in verbal behavior directed to peers. One of the classes showed a difference in pattern of use of activity areas in time 3 compared to times 1 and 2. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).