ERIC Number: ED338275
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Sep
Verifying Factors Related to Persistence with an Emphasis on Minority Students. Project Report.
State Univ. of New York, Albany. Two Year Coll. Development Center.
A study was conducted to determine whether factors found to be related to student persistence in public and independent two-year colleges (i.e., positive college environment, realistic student expectations for career and education, and a sense of belonging) were generalizable to the proprietary sector. Three proprietary institutions in New York served as research sites: Bryant-Stratton, Buffalo; Utica School of Commerce, Utica; and Monroe Business College, Bronx. Data on student characteristics, the academic environment, goal and commitment factors, and student-college relations were gathered by questionnaires and on-site interviews with over 275 students, faculty, and staff. Study findings including the following: (1) compared with the public/independent college sample, more students in the proprietary schools tended to be female, from families with low incomes, job-oriented, and enrolled due to familiarity with the institution; (2) the primary goal of the proprietary students was to obtain employment and/or go into their own business; (3) when asked why they had persisted when many of their colleagues had not, respondents stressed individual determination and goal commitment; (4) 86.6% of the proprietary students indicated a sense of belonging with respect to their school, with credit generally given to a friendly helpful staff and supportive faculty; and (5) site visits revealed that proprietary schools placed a greater emphasis on creating a positive college environment and sense of belonging than community and independent colleges. Findings regarding persistence influences were validated through a follow-up study of non-persisters and continuing persisters from the public/independent school samples, who were also compared with the proprietary school sample. Where appropriate findings related specifically to minority students are highlighted. The follow-up survey is attached. (JMC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, College Environment, Community Colleges, Comparative Analysis, Dropout Research, Enrollment Influences, Literature Reviews, Minority Groups, Predictor Variables, Proprietary Schools, Questionnaires, Student Characteristics, Student College Relationship, Two Year Colleges, Withdrawal (Education)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Grants Administration.
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Albany. Two Year Coll. Development Center.
Note: Project supported by funds from the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act (VEA 152-91-1873).