ERIC Number: ED338128
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
Realizing Gender Equality in Higher Education: The Need To Integrate Work/Family Issues. 1991 ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report 2.
This monograph examines gender differences and related issues in higher education faculty and proposes steps to change the current climate to resolve gender inequalities, solve the impending shortage of faculty, and improve diversity among faculty. A look at the status of women in academia finds that women are an under-represented group in tenured faculty positions and suffer from subtle gender discrimination in teaching, research, salary differentials, and promotion. A survey of studies indicates that women faculty are as capable and productive as men. Evidence from studies of the impact of marriage and children on productivity is mixed. Interviews with men and women faculty reveal that both genders experience stress in balancing careers and families. It is concluded that universities can help by: (1) addressing inequities; (2) conducting a family responsiveness evaluation of university policies and practices; (3) developing a recruitment and hiring policy responsive to dual-career families; (4) adopting a better maternity policy; (5) adopting a family leave policy; (6) allowing load reductions for new parents; (7) stopping the tenure clock for 1 year for new children or family crises; (8) studying the possibility of on-campus child-care; (9) reducing early morning, late afternoon, and Saturday obligations; and (10) re-examining teaching and research expectations for all faculty. An index and over 150 references are included. (JB)
Descriptors: Academic Rank (Professional), College Faculty, Faculty College Relationship, Faculty Promotion, Faculty Workload, Family Problems, Higher Education, Nontenured Faculty, Productivity, Sex Bias, Teacher Shortage, Tenured Faculty, Women Faculty
ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Reports, The George Washington University, One Dupont Circle, Suite 630, Washington, DC 20036 ($17.00).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association for the Study of Higher Education.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.; George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. School of Education and Human Development.