ERIC Number: ED338107
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: N/A
Learning Strategies in English as a Second Language Instruction: A Teacher's Guide.
Stewner-Manzanares, Gloria; And Others
Learning strategy applications are provided for beginning, intermediate, and advanced levels of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction. Although designed primarily for high school students, most of the sample lessons can be used equally successfully with older learners, and some lessons are also suitable for younger learners. Chapter 1 of the teacher's guide briefly discusses learning strategies, their importance, and their limitations. Chapters 2 and 3 provide definitions of various types of learning strategies, with examples of how they are used by students. Two types are discussed: metacognitive, which involves thought about the learning process or the regulation of learning; and cognitive, which involves the direct application of a strategy to the information to be learned. Specific examples are given in Chapter 4 of the lesson plans, including sample activities for teaching learning strategies that teachers can use in the context of the ongoing instructional program. Language learning is differentiated into a series of representative activities that occur in the ESL classroom, and a number of learning strategies are identified that students can use with each. Emphasis is on motivating students to become actively involved in their own learning. Contains 10 references. (LB)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, Washington, DC.