ERIC Number: ED337925
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-May-21
Coping Styles among Mothers of Adults with Mental Retardation.
Krauss, Marty Wyngaarden
This paper describes the use of various coping strategies of mothers of adult children with mental retardation, and examines whether there is a relation between specific styles of coping and maternal characteristics and personal well-being. A group of 349 mothers completed the "Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced" scale. On average, mothers relied on about six different coping strategies. The most commonly relied upon strategies were ones that required faith (either in themselves or in their religion) or an ability to extract meaning from their difficult experiences. Three quarters of the mothers relied on strategies that required establishing a plan of action, about two-thirds relied on engaging in concrete activities about the situation, and about half relied on tuning out competing activities in order to concentrate on the stressful event. Nearly half were able to restrain themselves from acting precipitously and most were able to turn to others for instrumental or emotional support. The least commonly used strategies were focusing on and venting emotion, mental disengagement, and behavioral disengagement. Four coping types were defined: constructive copers, maladaptive copers, intense copers, and varied copers. Mothers who were constructive copers or varied copers had lower parenting stress, lower burden of care, and higher life satisfaction than other mothers. (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association on Mental Retardation (115th, Washington, DC, May 19-23, 1991).