ERIC Number: ED337854
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Higher Order Learning for All: A Report by the Council of Chief State School Officers on Restructuring Learning.
Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC.
Serving as a bridge between research in the cognitive sciences and educational policymakers and practitioners, the first part of this report reviews recent research on thinking and learning. Findings emphasize work on higher order learning, the role of knowledge in learning, and the development of a disposition for thinking. Topics detailed include higher order processes, cognitive frameworks, cognitive styles and intelligences, transfer of skills, metacognition, and knowledge in learning. Subject-specific skills in language, mathematics, science, and social studies are examined. Two sections provide discussions about: (1) what the teacher's role should be in supporting higher order learning for all students; and (2) student assessment that supports thinking. Examples are provided of specific programs whose stated purpose is to teach thinking. The second part of the report notes the findings of a national, state-by-state survey on critical thinking initiated during spring 1990. Survey design and methodology, response, findings, and conclusions are detailed. Appended is a policy statement on restructuring learning for students. Also appended is a systematic description of promising state programs, in state-by-state charts, for general and special needs students. Information includes a summary, information on funding, the impetus, the goals, the implementation strategy, and whether the program targets middle grades. (69 references) (RR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Processes, Metacognition, Program Descriptions, State Action, State Surveys, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills
Publications, Council of Chief State School Officers, 379 Hall of the States, 400 North Capitol Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20001-1511 ($12.50 prepaid).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A