ERIC Number: ED337803
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Three Types of Linguistic Encoding Strategies on the Processing of Information Presented in Lecture Format.
Marzano, Robert J.; And Others
Although there is general acceptance that information presented in formal learning situations must be encoded linguistically by the learner, there is little research on the differential aspects of various types of linguistic encoding strategies. A study sought to determine the differential effects of three linguistic encoding strategies on subjects' processing of information presented in lecture format. Subjects, 43 ninth and tenth graders in 3 classes, were assigned to one of 4 conditions: no linguistic processing (control); verbal linguistic processing; written linguistic processing; and structured linguistic processing. Subjects listened to a lecture and then took essay and objective tests. Results indicated that no one strategy was clearly superior to another. Additionally, evidence was found to support the assertion that strategy instruction might hinder information processing for more able students. (Two tables of data are included and 30 references are attached.) (Author/SR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mid-Continent Regional Educational Lab., Aurora, CO.