ERIC Number: ED337756
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Changing Classroom Tasks and Interaction Patterns: The "Heart of the Matter" of Restructuring.
Marzano, Robert J.
At the heart of the matter of restructuring American education is the goal of enhancing students' abilities to process complex content in cognitively sophisticated ways. To accomplish this goal, two sub-goals must be met: infusing knowledge application tasks across the curriculum; and changing the interaction patterns between teachers and students. Knowledge application tasks that reinforce the processing of complex content in cognitively sophisticated ways have certain characteristics. They are production oriented (producing rather than retrieving knowledge), partially specified, multi-dimensional, long-term, and student directed. Infusing these tasks would require restructuring the curriculum from emphasizing covering information to using information and from isolated facts to"big ideas." Infusing these tasks would also require that assessment emphasize the mental processes students engage in while accomplishing the tasks, as well as the products of those mental processes. The role of the teacher needs to be changed from a presenter of information to the teacher as a mediator of learning. The workshop approach is an instructional format that facilitates the one-to-one teacher student interaction important in the teacher as mediator approach. The workshop approach prescribes that the class period should be divided into three components: a mini-lesson, an activity period, and a sharing period. Accomplishing these goals will require changes in current educational practice that cut across curriculum, assessment, and instruction. (A figure listing steps involved in multi-dimensional tasks, a figure containing examples of application tasks useful in a science class, and 27 references are attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mid-Continent Regional Educational Lab., Aurora, CO.