ERIC Number: ED337532
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Grade Retention: A Longitudinal Study of School Correlates of Rates of Retention.
In the Cleveland (Ohio) Public Schools, the percent of students who are retained in grade, or who are not promoted, is high. At the high school level, retention rates ranged from 9 percent to 47 percent in the 1988-89 school year. School characteristics that correlate with the rate of retention are studied in an attempt to understand some of the dynamics of retention at the school level. Data from the 128 Cleveland Public Schools in a system-wide database are presented. The results show that school retention has negative effects on student achievement when the following variables relating to school characteristics are examined: (1) enrollment; (2) attendance; (3) dropout rates; (4) stability rates (percent of students who stay in the same school for the entire school year); (5) suspensions; (6) percent of male students; (7) percent of black students; and (8) reading comprehension scores on the California Achievement Test. A low retention rate correlates strongly with higher reading scores in the primary grades. In high school, there is a strong negative relationship between rate of retention and average attendance. Some variables, such as poverty, are beyond the ability of the school to remedy, but others such as attendance, student stability within the district, and reading achievement are variables that can be addressed. Statistical data are presented in two tables and five graphs. An eight-item list of references is included. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Cleveland Public Schools, OH. Dept. of Research and Analysis.