ERIC Number: ED336871
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Sep
Lawton, Stephen B.
Restructuring is a reorganization that replaces central planning, control, and supervision with a deregulated, decentralized system in which the "bottom line" counts most. Seven explanations for restructuring are outlined, each reflecting a particular position or perspective : (1) a crisis in legitimization involving the dimensions of the effectiveness of school, equitability of schooling outcomes, and existing structures of governance and administration; (2) the concern about effectiveness manifested by declines in standardized test scores, technological changes that require a new mix of skills, and bureaucracy's lack of response; (3) the concern about efficiency, both external (funds or resources allocated at a societal level) and internal (most productive allocation of resources or funds); (4) the managerial revolution reflected by a philosophy of operation that capitalizes on the desires of individuals for autonomy, productivity, and creativity; (5) a populist movement where individuals and communities demand to have greater control over the education of their children; (6) a crisis in capitalism where there is an urgent need to accumulate investment capital; and (7) the problem of "provider capture"--a phrase describing what happens when those who provide the service operate the system in such a way that provides special benefits to their own kind. (49 references) (RR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Revision of paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).