ERIC Number: ED336686
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Aug-18
Belief Structures about People Held by Selected Graduate Students.
Dole, Arthur A.; And Others
Wrightsman has established that assumptions about human nature distinguish religious, occupational, political, gender, and other groups, and that they predict behavior in structured situations. Hjelle and Ziegler proposed a set of nine basic bipolar assumptions about the nature of people: freedom-determinism; rationality-irrationality; holism-elementalism; constitutionalism-environmentalism; changeability-unchangeability; subjectivity-objectivity; proactivity-reactivity; homeostasis-heterostasis; and knowability-unknowability. To test Hjelle and Ziegler's approach empirically as it applied to behavioral specialists, Dole and Woodruff developed an inventory which they administered to beginning graduate students. Thomas Sowell, a conservative political theorist, has proposed that two distinctive world views contribute to conflicts. For those with a constrained vision "man" is unchanging. Those with an unconstrained vision assume that "man" is intentional and rational. A 30-item inventory, the Conflict of Visions (COV) Inventory, was constructed to test whether or not graduate students in psychology would support Sowell's bipolar assumptions about people. This inventory, along with the Beliefs about People (BAP) inventory were administered to 107 graduate students in psychology and related areas. Item analyses of BAP only partially supported bipolar assumptions. After BAP and COV were each factor analyzed, component scores were identified and correlated. The results indicated that beliefs about people, grounded in an essentially political/philosophical paradigm, were largely independent of the assumptions of great psychologists. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (99th, San Francisco, CA, August 16-20, 1991).