ERIC Number: ED336652
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Aug
Explaining Depression among Clinically Depressed and Nondiagnosed Hispanic Women.
Bernstein, Bianca L.; And Others
Variables such as low socioeconomic level, educational level, marital status, employment status, sex role orientation, and level of acculturation have been cited as contributing to depression among Hispanic women. While most of these conclusions have been based on between-group comparisons against Anglo women, this study was conducted to examine within-group differences on depression, while controlling for ethnicity and gender. Relationship status, acculturation, domestic or work orientation, and degree of traditionality/nontraditionality with regard to sex-role orientation of women were explored in relationship to depressive symptomatology in two groups of Mexican American women: a clinically diagnosed depressed group (N=23) and a nondiagnosed group (N=46). Subjects completed either English or Spanish versions of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Attitudes toward Women Scale, the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican-Americans, and a demographic questionnaire. The combined variables of degree of sex-role orientation, relationship status, and domestic/career orientation accounted for 33% of the variance in depressive symptomatology for the total sample. For the nondiagnosed group, attitudes toward women explained most of the variance while none of the variance was significantly explained for the depressed group. The results suggest that degree of sex role orientation may account for depressive symptomatology in Hispanic women not diagnosed for depression, but is insufficient in explaining depressive symptomatology in clinically depressed Hispanic women. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (99th, San Francisco, CA, August 16-20, 1991).