ERIC Number: ED336568
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Readin', Writin', and 'Rithmetic One More Time: The Role of Remediation in Vocational Education and Job Training Programs. A Report to Congress, the Secretary of Education, and the Secretary of Labor.
Grubb, W. Norton; And Others
A need for remediation has been increasingly apparent within vocational education and job-related skill training. The current debates about basic skills and literacy reveal ambiguities in the definition of the problem and the focus of the concern. Telephone questionnaires and program visits provided information about remedial offerings within vocational education, Job Training Partnership Act programs, and welfare-to-work programs in 23 regions located in 9 states. Results show the type of remediation provided, the existing coordination, and the lack of information in the existing system. An assessment of the effectiveness of current remedial efforts indicates that an extensive literature describes good practice in adult education and remediation based largely on experience, but that there are few outcome evaluations of remedial programs, and many are based on inappropriate research designs. The dominant approach of "skills and drills" has proved to violate most conventions of good practice in adult education, and there is evidence that the pedagogical methods of most remedial programs are inappropriate. Alternatives to skills and drills are a "meaning-making" approach, "eclectic" approaches, functional context literacy training, and other programs that integrate remediation with job skills training. Issues with implications for future policy are effectiveness, appropriate pedagogy, and purpose of remediation. (Appendixes include 146 references, a 36-item bibliography, and the interview protocol.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Basic Skills, Educational Research, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Illiteracy, Instructional Effectiveness, Integrated Curriculum, Job Training, Literacy Education, Literature Reviews, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Remedial Instruction, Remedial Programs, Teaching Methods, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education, Workplace Literacy
National Center for Research in Vocational Education Materials Distribution Service, Horrabin Hall 46, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL 61455 (order no. MDS-309: $6.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982