ERIC Number: ED336452
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Testing and Assessment in Publicly-Supported Job Training for the Disadvantaged.
Butler, Erik Payne; Bailis, Lawrence Neil
The roles of assessment and testing within public employment and training programs supported by the Job Training Partnership Act of 1982 (JTPA) were examined through a review of the literature and two surveys of the JTPA system. In 1987, the Center for Remediation Design and the Center for Human Resources (CHS) at Brandeis University in Waltham (Massachusetts) collaborated to interview managers in 150 service delivery areas (SDAs) that focused on basic skills testing. In 1988, CHS staff conducted additional interviews with about 100 SDAs and 12 states. Eliminating duplications and combining surveys yielded 206 surveys, with 176 usable responses. Additional interviews were conducted with experienced state and local practitioners. A very high proportion (92%) of JTPA SDAs used formal testing. The JTPA system has recognized many of the shortcomings of standardized tests, especially language or cultural biases that are often relevant to minority applicants and clients. The trend toward basic skills education in job training is acknowledged in the purposes for which tests are used. Among JTPA testing professionals, there is a new appreciation of the utility of combining test results and other forms of assessment, with the use of objective tests to complement, and not replace, the professional judgments of well-trained staff. Statistical data are presented in three tables. A 47-item list of references are included. (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Commission on Testing and Public Policy.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982