ERIC Number: ED336260
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Mar-22
The Pathological Ethos: Looking for a Rhetorical Perspective on Scientific Fraud.
Snodgrass, Gwendolyn L.
According to the medical research community that attempts to define the scope of fraud, biomedical fraud includes such phenomena as salami science, which is the practice of dividing a project into a number of brief publications, called least publishable units; autoplagiarism, the practice of writing up the same study in a variety of forms and submitting each; and unjustified authorship, the practice of adding names to the manuscript as "favors." Even sloppy recordkeeping contributes to biomedical fraud. This paper tries to uncover why biomedical fraud has proliferated. Sociological theories about the scientific method developed by Merton, Kuhn, and social constructivists are discussed. The origins of fraud as explained by the medical community are included. (28 references) (KR)
Descriptors: Cheating, Codes of Ethics, Ethics, Faculty Publishing, Fraud, Medical Education, Medical Schools, Medical Students, Plagiarism, Promotion (Occupational), Publications, Publish or Perish Issue, Research Reports, Researchers, Scientific Research, Sociology, Theories, Values, Writing for Publication
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on College Composition and Communication (Boston, MA, March 22, 1991).