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ERIC Number: ED335874
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Responding to Students' Writing: A Pilot Study.
Keller, Maria A.; Mitrano-Neto, Nelson
A study investigated whether a change in focus, viewing student writing as a process rather than a product, would have a significant positive effect on writing skill development. Secondarily, the study examined the effectiveness of actual teaching techniques, including a series of writing tasks interspersed with student-teacher interaction and the use of comments. Subjects were two pre-intermediate level groups, each with 20 students of English as a Second Language. The writing of one group was evaluated using traditional error correction, and the work of the other using a process approach. Teacher comments and students' final essays were evaluated. Five basic kinds of comments were found concerning: (1) organization and content; (2) lack of cohension; (3) giving details; (4) use of the native language; and (5) offering encouragement. Areas of writing improvement noted include the following: overall improvement; better expression of content; improved cohesion and grammar; and improvement over a series of tasks. Results suggest that the process approach was more effective than traditional error correction. It is also concluded that while the process approach helped improve student writing, it also contributed to individual student development. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A