ERIC Number: ED335581
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-14
The Effects of Attitude Similarity and Utility on Liking for a Stranger: Measurement of Attraction with the IJS.
Nesler, Mitchell S.; And Others
Research has demonstrated that attraction to a stranger is a function of the proportion of similar attitudes reported by that stranger. Traditional theories of attraction do not usually differentiate between respect or esteem for another and liking. This study used a 2 x 2 factorial experiment to test the hypothesis that the desire to work with someone does not necessarily imply liking. The similarity of another's attitudes to those of the subject (similar or dissimilar) and the major of a bogus potential partner (English or mathematics) were manipulated. Female undergraduates (N=39) were told that they would be paired with a partner to work together to solve complex mathematical problems. Attitudes of subjects were examined through the Interpersonal Judgement Scale (IJS), especially for two items: (1) how much a subject would like another person; and (2) how much he or she would want to work with that person. Subjects reported more liking for a potentially useful person (mathematics major), but did not indicate a greater desire to work with that person. The omnibus measure of liking obtained by summing the two items did not reflect the significant main effect obtained for major on the single liking item. These results were interpreted as due to social norms and may indicate a limitation on the standard way of measuring attraction. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (62nd, New York, NY, April 11-14, 1991).