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ERIC Number: ED335575
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The School Counselor: An Analysis of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Baker, Thomas E.; And Others
The prescriptive approach to treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires an accurate diagnosis. Many of the changes in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-III (DSM-III) and DSM-III-Revised (DSM-III-R) have proven quite helpful in the diagnosis of PTSD. The DSM-III-R includes specification of generic characteristics of traumatic stressors. The identification of symptoms are around these dimensions of stress responses: (1) re-experiencing avoidance; (2) numbing; (3) physiological arousal; and (4) the inclusion of symptoms specific to children. The next logical step, after identification, is to refine the definition of PTSD for children and adolescents and list PTSD appropriately with the other childhood anxiety disorders. This would serve the purposes of improving the diagnostic qualities and improving the research data base. The treatment of children should be individualized on the basis of the diagnostic criteria and the needs of children. This position needs to be advocated by professional counselors and therapists working with children and adolescents. A new PTSD and diagnostic procedure needs to be developed for children. The symptoms would be specifically designed for children and assigned with the other anxiety disorders listed under Disorders Usually First Evident in Infancy, Childhood or Adolescence, Chapter III, of the new DSM-IV. Research should be utilized to develop a conceptual approach that would meet the needs of children and adolescents and emphasize specific additional symptomatology. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A