ERIC Number: ED335539
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Transition from School to Work. Linking Education and Worksite Training. Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
A study examined cooperative education programs identified as high quality to see if they could provide school-to-work linkages as do apprenticeship programs in countries such as Germany. Information for the study was obtained from a survey of state directors of cooperative education, who provided data on program participation and identified high quality programs; from the "High School and Beyond" survey; and from site visits to 11 high school and 8 community college cooperative education sites identified by the state directors as exemplary. Apprenticeship literature and five apprenticeship programs also were examined. Some of the findings of the study were the following: (1) high quality cooperative education programs show strong potential to prepare students for work and to enable the work force to compete with those of other nations; (2) essential elements of a high quality program include training plans with specific, ambitious learning objectives, close supervision of students, and close screening of applicants and employers; (3) barriers to expansion of cooperative education are lack of awareness about programs and negative perceptions of program quality; and (4) adopting skill certification of students, such as is done in Germany, could improve programs. Recommendations were made to improve cooperative programs and increase publicity about them. (Four appendixes provide information on sites visited, state cooperative education enrollment, and major contributors to the report. There are 49 references.) (KC)
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Cooperative Education, Demonstration Programs, Education Work Relationship, Educational Improvement, High Schools, Program Implementation, Program Improvement, School Business Relationship, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education, Work Experience Programs
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (first five copies free; additional copies $2.00 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.