ERIC Number: ED335358
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Information-Processing Indices of Intelligence among Navy Personnel.
Dillon, Ronna F.
Validity data were collected on tests from five aptitude clusters: information-processing (IP) componential skills, IP metacomponential skills, practical intellectual skills, cognitive flexibility, and cognitive speed. In addition, the IP activities underlying learning were elucidated. IP componential data were derived via two approaches. The first approach involved collecting data on subjects' eye movements during solution of reasoning task items, with a corneal reflectance eye tracking system, and using eye movement indices of IP as predictors of Armed Forces Qualifying Test (AFQT) and school performance. The second approach involved presenting isolated IP components on separated computer screens. The computer display was under the experimental subject's control. Comparable IP data were derived from both approaches. In all, 6 studies were conducted with 66, 33, 39, 68, 67, and 41 Navy recruits, respectively. Predictors from these aptitude domains were validated against the AFQT and four measures of performance in Navy basic electricity and electronics school (NBEES): time needed to complete each instructional module; final average; total contact time; and number of remediations of each source module. Data indicate that tasks from all five clusters, as well as IP components of learning, are significant predictors of AFQT and NBEES performance. Nine data tables and a 35-item list of references are included. Appendix A gives data on 11 IP indices derived from eye movement data, and Appendix B gives data on 3 IP indices derived from multiple-screen data. (Author/RLC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Armed Forces Qualification Test