ERIC Number: ED335154
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Correlates of Long-Term Breastfeeding: A Study of Social and Personal Factors.
Isabella, Patrice H.; Isabella, Russell A.
This study examined the degree to which mothers' perceptions of their marital relationships, the support provided to them by their mothers and others, and their adjustment to pregnancy and motherhood, were associated with success at initiating and maintaining lactation during the first year after their child's birth. The incidence and duration of breastfeeding, the nature and frequency of feeding problems, and the sources of help related to breastfeeding were also examined. Data were collected from 32 women through interviews, questionnaires, and observation. The main problem encountered by breastfeeding mothers during the first month after the child's birth was a concern about inadequate milk supply. Husbands and mothers' mothers provided emotional and instrumental support, while doctors and nurses provided information. Mothers who were themselves breastfed nursed their infants more at one month than did mothers who were bottle-fed. Long-term nursers were mothers who: (1) had adjusted optimally to pregnancy and motherhood; (2) most often characterized their marriages as satisfying during the prenatal period and the first year after the child's birth; and (3) were most satisfied with the support their husbands gave them. A copy of the breastfeeding section of the National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services is included. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).