ERIC Number: ED335081
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Jun-28
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Writing Placement Testing and Remedial Writing Programs on Student Ethnic Populations at Oxnard College. Research Report #91-02.
Jones, Joan; Jackson, Ronald
In an effort to determine the impact of entry-level writing tests and subsequent remedial writing programs on various student ethnic populations at California's Oxnard College (OC), a study was conducted of 812 first-time students in fall 1989 who were administered the Assessment and Placement Services Exam for Community Colleges (APSECC). Of these students, 78.69% scored below college-level on the writing skills portion of the test and 38.65% subsequently enrolled in the college's remedial writing program. Study findings included the following: (1) White students performed best on the writing subtest while Asian and Black students performed least well; (2) a greater proportion of Asian and Hispanic students who scored below college-level elected to enroll in remedial writing than White students, although these differences were not shown to be statistically significant; and (3) 65.59% of the students who enrolled in remedial writing courses matriculated to at least one college-level course in the subsequent term, with Filipino and White students more likely to matriculate than other ethnic groups. Study recommendations included the following: the APSECC, last validated in 1979, should be reevaluated against a more recent standardized test instrument; OC should assess the propriety of the established cut-off scores; the college should also consider using a test that has been normed with a west coast test population; and, in view of the small proportion of students enrolling in remedial writing, a review of the college's entry-level student counseling services should be undertaken. (PAA)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Basic Writing, Community Colleges, Comparative Analysis, Ethnic Groups, High Risk Students, Minority Groups, Program Effectiveness, Racial Differences, Remedial Programs, Standardized Tests, Student Placement, Test Bias, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges, Writing Tests
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oxnard Coll., CA.