ERIC Number: ED334922
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: 0
Implementing Cooperative Learning Methods.
Lyons, Paul R.
This paper identifies the bases and rationale for the concept of cooperative learning; describes the dynamics of the cooperative learning approach; and proposes methods that college faculty can use to enhance student motivation and learning. Cooperative learning is defined and is reported to have positive effects on student achievement, human relations skills, trust among students, and emotional involvement in and commitment to learning. Disadvantages, such as the lack of short-term extrinsic rewards for students who rely on such reinforcement, are also noted. Three types of cooperative learning are then detailed with examples: (1) group investigation--in which students in small groups work through six steps in researching a topic and preparing a report; (2) reiterative problem-based learning--in which student groups identify a problem, engage in independent study, assess their inquiry strategy, and iterate the process; and (3) co-op/co-op--in which students work through 10 steps involving both individual and group learning and presentations. Includes seven references. (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A