ERIC Number: ED334862
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
A Contrastive Analysis of Existential-Presentative and Presentative Sentences in English and Spanish.
Barcelona Sanchez, Antonio
An investigation of two sentence types in English and Spanish contrasts the syntactic features of each and examines the implications for second language instruction. Existential-presentative (ex-pr) and non-existential-presentative (pr) sentences are seen as an important tool for communication because they introduce an element that is pragmatically "new" and "presentative" by delaying it to a position after the introductory ex-pr or pr verb. First, a structural taxonomy of the subtypes of both sentence types is presented and discussed, first for English and then for Spanish. Then the contrasts between the two languages are examined at the structural and pragmatic levels. The bulk of the study is an analysis of cases in which structural contrast exists with pragmatic equivalence. Possible obstacles to effective second language learning, primarily of English for Spanish-speakers but also of Spanish for English-speakers, implied by the findings are discussed. The sentence structure taxonomies are appended. Contains 21 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Linguistics (9th, Thessaloniki, Greece, April 15-21, 1990).