ERIC Number: ED334821
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Economic Development through Technology Transfer: The Roles of Language and Communication.
Economic cooperation and technology transfer have been most effective in developing countries with colonial roots. Developing countries also feel most comfortable with countries that share a common language and some cultural understanding. However, other cultural elements are often ignored in technology transfer, leading to failure of the transfer, including the role of women in the developing society, lack of understanding of technical language, lack of sophistication to carry through technical processes rapidly enough, and cultural and linguistic sensitivities leading to resistance. The technology transfer program should: (1) contribute to the overall strengthening of the local entities, especially academic institutions; (2) acquire the best qualified personnel; (3) provide economic incentives to trainees to return to their own countries after training; (4) be practical; and (5) respect and accommodate cultural norms, local laws, and political and religious attitudes. Economic development occurs in the following stages: meeting basic needs; creation of new programs and institutions for light commerce and industry; and graduation to developed-nation status. Past errors indicate that language, culture, and communication should be assessed at the outset of any development program. Academic institutions can play a significant role in program design and implementation. (MSE)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Eastern Michigan University Conference on Languages and Communication for World Business and the Professions (9th, Ypsilanti, MI, April 5-7, 1990).