ERIC Number: ED334742
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Outcomes and Costs of Special Education Programs for Persons with Mental Retardation. Report #90-1.
Bruininks, Robert H.; And Others
This study merged and expanded data from two research databases containing information on former students with mental retardation ranging from mild (N=34) to moderate (N=78) to severe (N=86). Data were obtained from the "Benefit-Cost Evaluation Project" and the "Post School Transition Project." The subjects came from different educational environments and had been out of school for comparable amounts of time (1 to 5 years). The study assessed the costs of special education services for these samples and linked these measures to yield benefit-cost and cost-effectiveness analyses for evaluating the possible efficiency of such services in terms of post-school outcomes of young adults with mental retardation. The study concluded that: (1) environmental variables and opportunity factors played a significant role in post-school outcomes; (2) differences in outcomes were lacking between men and women; (3) a strong factor in predicting economic outcomes for persons with mental retardation is the severity of the retardation; (4) there is a need for location-specific information on outcomes (particularly employment rate) for comparable age groups without handicaps; and (5) it is possible to employ both effectiveness-cost and benefit-cost evaluation techniques to assess the efficiency of special education services for persons with severe retardation. (Includes 75 references.) (JDD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Inst. on Community Integration.