ERIC Number: ED334664
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The At-Risk Student: Designing Administrative Strategies.
Clough, Dick B.
School reform efforts today have a personal focus that emphasizes attending to the problems faced by individual at-risk students. After outlining the impact of student dropouts, this document uses information from a review of 150 at-risk student programs described in related professional literature to describe six basic weaknesses in current at-risk programs. Most programs reviewed failed to: (1) exhibit a design to meet needs identified via a formal assessment process; (2) integrate effectively with the school's total education program; (3) adequately address the social and emotional needs of at-risk students; (4) offer preventive strategies at the elementary school level; (5) adequately serve the most problematic at-risk students; and (6) address at-risk students' negative perception of the value of learning. A seven-step process for developing administrative strategies to implement programs that would meet at-risk students' needs is described: creating a climate for change; conducting an appropriate needs assessment; initiating organizational changes; assessing organization resources; determining program objectives; designing program components; and implementing the action plan. Last, steps for creating a more caring, supportive, and nurturing educational climate are described. (CLA)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Dropout Prevention, Early Intervention, Educational Administration, Educational Environment, Educational Planning, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Program Administration, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Program Improvement, Remedial Programs, Student Needs
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Supervision and Curriculum Development (46th, San Francisco, CA, March 1991).