ERIC Number: ED334543
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Transforming Texts: Constructive Processes in Reading and Writing. Technical Report No. 47.
Spivey, Nancy Nelson
Writers construct meaning when they compose texts, and readers construct meaning when they understand and interpret texts. Building meaning through reading entails organizing, selecting, and connecting. Readers use previously acquired knowledge to operate on textual clues, organizing mental representations that include material they select from the text and connect with material they generate. This constructivist characterization of the reading process extends also to literate acts in which people are writers as well as readers: those acts in which they compose texts by drawing from textual sources. To meet their discourse goals, writers perform textual transformations associated with the operations of organizing, selecting, and connecting as they appropriate source material for uses in different communicative contexts. They dismantle source texts and reconfigure content they select from these sources, and they interweave the source material with content they generate from stored knowledge. Various transformations occur through reading and writing, and writers need to think about tasks in ways that will transform extant texts. (Two figures are included; 106 references are attached.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for the Study of Writing, Berkeley, CA.; Center for the Study of Writing, Pittsburgh, PA.