ERIC Number: ED334497
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Personality Type as a Determinant of Caregiver Distress: Preliminary Findings Using the Weinberger Assessment Inventory.
Rose, Jonathon M.; And Others
This study explored personality characteristics of female help-seeking caregivers. Female caregivers (N=45) of elderly demented relatives were actively recruited through mass media and special interest groups to participate in a psychoeducational class to alleviate the frustrations of caregiving and increase life satisfaction. The Weinberger Adjustment Inventory (WAI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the State-Trait Anger Scale (STAS), the Appraised Burden Scale (VSBS), and the Positive and Negative Affect Scales (PANAS) were all instruments used. Results classified 47% of the sample as sensitized under the WAI, 18% were reactive, 16% were oversocialized, 16% self-assured, 4% repressive. No subjects were classified as undersocialized. There were no statistically significant differences on measures of state anger (STAS) or subjective and objective burden (VSBS). Reactive personality types were highest on STAS trait-anger scores. Sensitized types were highest on BDI and PANAS negative affect scores. Like the oversocialized types, the sensitized had low PANAS positive affect scores. Self-assured subjects were high on the positive affect scale of the PANAS, and low on the PANAS negative affect scale, BDI, and STAS trait-anger scales. The results of this study indicated that the WAI is appropriate for use with female caregivers of elderly and demented relatives, and offer hope that WAI can help clinicians understand the differential degrees of distress experienced in similar situations. (Author/BHK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented to the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (43rd, Boston, MA, November 16-20, 1990).