ERIC Number: ED334478
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Simple Convergences? Piagetian Theory and Its Relationship to the Epistemology of James Mark Baldwin.
Marelich, William D.; And Others
Jean Piaget is credited with such topics as the synthesis of philosophy and the life sciences through a description of progressive stage by stage development, and a genetic epistemology founded on the principle of knowledge through processes of cognitive assimilation and accommodation. In actuality, these themes were originally postulated by James Mark Baldwin, a prominent early American psychologist first praised by his peers and then ignored primarily due to an interpersonal scandal which precipitated his self-imposed exile from the United States. Baldwin's view of the mind was based on a model of intentional action, which accounts for knowledge in terms of habit, assimilation, and accommodation. Over the years, he proposed a comprehensive genetic epistemology which embraced various models of experience organized into stages of logical scientific, social, moral, religious, and aesthetic consciousness. Despite the broad and innovative nature of these theoretical notions, the significance of his work remains relatively unexamined and unappreciated. Evidence suggests that the theoretical similarities between Piaget and Baldwin were more than just simple convergences. Though the two never met, it is highly probable that Pierre Janet, a longtime colleague of Baldwin and instructor of Piaget, conveyed Baldwin's theories to Piaget. Though Piaget denied that Baldwin had any specific effect on his work, Baldwin's tarnished American image would have made it easy for Piaget to claim his ideologies. (Author/LLL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association/Rocky Mountain Psychological Association (69th, Reno, NV, April 27-30, 1989).