ERIC Number: ED334206
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Two Instruments Assessing the Predispositions People Have Toward Technology Use: The Value of Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Methods.
Scherer, Marcia J.; McKee, Barbara G.
Use and non-use of assistive technology by people with physical disabilities were explored. Also examined were the beliefs subjects held about technology use and the quality of their lives. The study began in 1986 with five women with severe cerebral palsy and five men with spinal cord injuries. All participants were equipped with one or more technologies and had been preselected as a technology user or non-user. In a follow-up in 1988, two additional subjects with spinal cord injuries were added to the sample. Participants were observed and the 30-item Functional Assessment Inventory was completed for each subject to measure the degree of impairment. Psychological profiles were obtained, and subjects' attitudes were determined through interviews. Overall, successful use of a technology depended on the subject's belief that benefit would result. Factors that influenced the decision to use or forego a technology were grouped into the following categories: (1) characteristics of the purpose (mobility, communication, information acquisition, art, and recreation); (2) characteristics of the technology; (3) characteristics of the individual; and (4) psychosocial characteristics (exposure, opportunity, expectations, and peer support). The Assistive Technology Device Predisposition Assessment and the Educational Technology Predisposition Assessment were developed as a result of these interviews. Three tables and two graphs illustrate the discussion. An appendix contains the interview schedule and a sample profile. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A