ERIC Number: ED334058
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Language of Instruction in the Early Years. Burning Issues [Series].
San Diego County Office of Education, CA.; National Preschool Coordination Project, San Diego, CA.
This information packet contains four articles supporting the notion that young children must be instructed in their native languages in order to achieve academic, social, and personal success. The document suggests that failure to develop the first language impedes progress in the second and produces a child who is limited in both. It lists financial, policy, and teacher-training impediments to development of early childhood programs in native-language. It also outlines solutions related to advocacy, legislation, interdistrict cooperation, multicultural teacher education, and parent involvement. A case study demonstrates how a migrant child's preschool experience in an English-only program created a subtractive bilingual situation, which led, in turn, to academic failure, disrupted family communication, and dropping out. An attached article by Muriel Saville-Troike discusses the influences of cultural and social factors on language development and examines those factors with regard to three categories of limited English proficient students. Those considered to be most at-risk academically were children who had lost or failed to develop their native language while not becoming proficient in English; such children had been immersed in an English-dominant environment before age 8. The NABE No-Cost Study on Families found that language-minority families whose children attended English-dominant preschool or daycare programs experienced a change or breakdown in communication patterns, loss of parental authority, and child-parent alienation. (SV)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Early Childhood Education, Early Experience, Family Communication, Family Relationship, High Risk Students, Language of Instruction, Language Skill Attrition, Limited English Speaking, Migrant Education, Native Language Instruction, Parent Child Relationship, Young Children
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Office of Migrant Education.
Authoring Institution: San Diego County Office of Education, CA.; National Preschool Coordination Project, San Diego, CA.
Note: Attached materials contain small type and narrow margins.