ERIC Number: ED334054
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Mar
Family and Household Effects on the Educational Attainment of Young Adults.
Wenk, DeeAnn; Hardesty, Constance L.
This study examines the impact of family structure, poverty level, and region of residence on educational attainment. The study uses data collected by the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, with a probability sample of 3,854 men and women aged 14 to 18 in 1979. Logistic regression was used to allow for the analysis of dichotomous dependent variables (high school completion versus incompletion and attendance of at least one year of college versus not attending college). Parent's socioeconomic status is measured by the mother's and father's education and occupation. Household structure is categorized as two parent household, one parent household, or an alternative household form. Residential status is measured in terms of rural/urban and southern/non-southern. Significant findings are: (1) living in a single parent or two-parent household (in contrast to alternative form of household) increases the odds of completing high school and living in a two-parent household increases the odds of attending college; (2) education of both parents is a powerful predictor of college attendance; (3) living in poverty significantly decreases the odds of both high school completion and college attendance; and (4) the negative effect of living in the rural south disappears when the effects of family background are controlled. (KS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Previous version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meetings of the Population Association of America (Washington, DC, March 21-23, 1991).