ERIC Number: ED333983
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Integrating Work and Family: Women's Health Outcomes.
An exploratory study examined the relationship between individual, family, and work variables and working mothers' health. The study also investigated the relationship between health management strategies and health. A cross-sectional survey design was used to gather data from 85 women who were married, employed 20 hours a week or more, and had one child between 1 and 12 months of age. Participants completed a questionnaire that included measures of individual, family, and work factors, and current health status. Findings indicated that working mothers often report decreased emotional well-being, fatigue, and physical symptoms associated with stress from multiple roles. Each component of working mothers' lives examined in the study was significantly associated with their health; however, the strongest relationships with health were found between characteristics of the individual and mothers' feelings about their marriages and being separated from their children. Means by which working mothers promoted their own well-being included engaging in self-actualizing behaviors, managing stress, and making use of interpersonal support. It is concluded that the findings provide important directions for future research on interventions to promote and restore the health of working mothers. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).