ERIC Number: ED333864
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Learning from Hypermedia: Making Sense of a Multiply-Linked Database.
Spoehr, Kathryn T.; Shapiro, Amy
As a collaborative effort between Brown University (Rhode Island) and three secondary schools, an instructional hypermedia research project called ACCESS (American Culture in Context: Enrichment for Secondary Schools) has created a corpus for use at the high school level which contains a substantial amount of textual, pictorial, audio, and video materials. These materials are intended to supplement traditional courses in American history, literature, and American Studies. The goals have been to provide students with information and materials that will help integrate the three disciplines and give students a broader perspective on American culture and a structure that will encourage their active participation in the learning process. Students interact with the system through a mouse-driven interface and are able to take notes electronically as they use the system. Two studies have been conducted to identify educational and cognitive outcomes resulting from the use of hypermedia instructional environments, the basic cognitive mechanisms underlying the acquisition of expertise in non-rule-based but richly linked domains such as history and literature, and the basic principles that should underlie the construction of such a system. An underlying cognitive construct has been postulated, i.e., the conceptual neighborhood, which consists of a cluster of related facts and/or instances and the relationships between them. Systematic documentation of the relationship between students' interactions with a large hypermedia corpus and their conceptual representations derived from it has begun to show that hypermedia is an effective tool for conveying complex interrelationships between ideas for the vast majority of students. (10 references) (BBM)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer System Design, Concept Formation, Cultural Education, Curriculum Enrichment, Databases, Higher Education, Hypermedia, Instructional Effectiveness, Microcomputers, Multimedia Instruction, Program Evaluation, Secondary Education, United States History, United States Literature, Videodisks
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).