ERIC Number: ED333784
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Informal Mentoring Relationships and Formal Mentorship Programs.
Chao, Georgia T.; And Others
This research report focuses on identifying different phases of organizational mentorship, or examining how mentorship might differ for men and women, and compares informal (spontaneous and unstructured) and formal (organizationally arranged and structured) mentorships. Surveys were mailed to 158 individuals (43 surveys were eventually used) from nine graduating classes (between 1952 and 1989) of Michigan State University. The survey contained several scales to measure mentorship functions, job satisfaction, and organizational socialization. Also, open-ended exploratory questions were employed which required participants to describe the formation of the mentorship as well as the benefits and negative side-effects. Among the study's conclusions were the following: (1) mentors do influence the protege's intrinsic job satisfaction and organizational socialization; (2) the majority of the formal proteges (83%) indicated that the mentors had no choice or that they were unaware of the factors involved in establishing the relationship, the opposite of the informal proteges; and (3) similarity of goals and interests between the protege and mentor was cited by more informal proteges than formal proteges. The study results suggest that, although the benefits for a formal mentorship can be substantial, organizations must allow time for potential mentors and proteges to self-select themselves into a mentorship relationship. Contains 21 references. (GLR)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Higher Education, Individual Counseling, Individual Development, Interpersonal Relationship, Interprofessional Relationship, Job Satisfaction, Mentors, Organizations (Groups), Professional Development
Career Development and Placement Services, Division of Student Affairs and Services, Michigan State University, 113 Student Services Building, East Lansing, MI 48824-1113 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners; Counselors
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Career Development and Placement Services.