ERIC Number: ED333700
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
State Policy Development for P.L. 99-457, Part H: Initial Findings from Six Case Studies.
Harbin, Gloria; And Others
This report is one of three resulting from a 50-state survey on the development of family policies through the implementation of Public Law 99-457 (Part H) and presents first year findings on policy development in six states. The ongoing 3-year case studies are intended to examine those factors that influence progress in the stages of policy implementation of Part H. Noted are four variables important in policy implementation identified in the literature: (1) characteristics of the policy and its goals; (2) characteristics of implementing agencies; (3) beliefs and attitudes of key policy actors; and (4) variations in administrative and governmental processes. The study is examining the implementation process in terms of three major phases: policy development, policy approval, and policy application. Enabling factors in policy development were identified and include historical factors related to children with handicaps, key persons, a shared vision of the desired service system, a suitable governmental structure, a political climate of agency cooperation, adequate resources, and previous existence of compatible policies. Major barriers to policy development include: a tradition of local autonomy in policymaking; a government structure requiring many clearances for policy approval; a political climate of local autonomy; inadequate resources; a lack of supportive key persons; and an absence of enabling factors. (19 references) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Frank Porter Graham Center.; North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Carolina Inst. for Child and Family Policy.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education of the Handicapped Act 1986 (Part H)