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ERIC Number: ED333656
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-0-86586-201-X
Reducing Undesirable Behaviors. Working with Behavioral Disorders: CEC Mini-Library.
Polsgrove, Lewis, Ed.
This booklet reviews the literature and offers procedures to reduce undesirable behavior in school settings. The following topics are addressed: definition of terms relating to behavior reduction procedures; environmental modification (changing the demands of a task, reducing the complexity of each step, or teaching a new skill); differential reinforcement (reinforcing appropriate behavior while ignoring inappropriate behavior); response cost (removing a positive reinforcer when an inappropriate behavior is displayed); timeout (removing the child for a short period from all reinforcement opportunities); overcorrection (the "disrupter" restores the situation and practices an appropriate behavior); aversive conditioning (undesirable stimuli are used to reduce undesirable behavior); corporal punishment; and research findings (research does not provide clear direction on when to use specific behavior reduction procedures). The last section presents recommendations including: obtain prior consent; try less aversive strategies first; follow appropriate protocol; write a detailed plan; use trained personnel; and keep track of effectiveness. Appended is the policy statement of the Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders on the use of behavior reduction procedures. Includes 93 references. (DB)
Council for Exceptional Children, Publication Sales, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091 ($8.90 each, $72.00 set of nine; members, $6.25 each, $50.00 set; stock no. P342).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.