ERIC Number: ED333656
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Reducing Undesirable Behaviors. Working with Behavioral Disorders: CEC Mini-Library.
Polsgrove, Lewis, Ed.
This booklet reviews the literature and offers procedures to reduce undesirable behavior in school settings. The following topics are addressed: definition of terms relating to behavior reduction procedures; environmental modification (changing the demands of a task, reducing the complexity of each step, or teaching a new skill); differential reinforcement (reinforcing appropriate behavior while ignoring inappropriate behavior); response cost (removing a positive reinforcer when an inappropriate behavior is displayed); timeout (removing the child for a short period from all reinforcement opportunities); overcorrection (the "disrupter" restores the situation and practices an appropriate behavior); aversive conditioning (undesirable stimuli are used to reduce undesirable behavior); corporal punishment; and research findings (research does not provide clear direction on when to use specific behavior reduction procedures). The last section presents recommendations including: obtain prior consent; try less aversive strategies first; follow appropriate protocol; write a detailed plan; use trained personnel; and keep track of effectiveness. Appended is the policy statement of the Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders on the use of behavior reduction procedures. Includes 93 references. (DB)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Disorders, Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems, Classroom Techniques, Elementary Secondary Education, Punishment, Reinforcement, Timeout
Council for Exceptional Children, Publication Sales, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091 ($8.90 each, $72.00 set of nine; members, $6.25 each, $50.00 set; stock no. P342).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.