ERIC Number: ED333303
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jun
Youth and Alcohol: A National Survey. Do They Know What They're Drinking?
Office of Inspector General (DHHS), Washington, DC.
In response to public health concerns and the adverse health consequences of alcohol abuse, a national sample of junior and senior high school (7th through 12th grade) students (N=956) was surveyed to determine their knowledge about alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. Alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages from stores close to each school were purchased, and displayed during the interview. Each student was asked whether each beverage did or did not contain alcohol, which contained the most alcohol simply by looking at the bottles, and which contained the most alcohol after reading the labels. A high alcohol-content fortified wine was included in all interviews regardless of whether it was locally available. Findings indicated: (1) two out of three students were not able to distinguish alcoholic beverages from non-alcoholic beverages; (2) in most states, beer and other malt beverage labels did not disclose alcohol content; (3) the alcohol content of beverages was a mystery to students; and (4) more than a third of all students did not that know that the high-fortified wine previously mentioned contained alcohol. Recommendations are made that the Surgeon General should work with the beverage industry, State, and Federal officials to improve the labeling and packaging of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages; and, consult with public and private agencies to develop, improve, and promote educational programs which would increase student awareness of alcoholic beverages and their effects. (BHK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Inspector General (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Note: For a related document, see CG 023 457.