ERIC Number: ED333297
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Sex Role Stereotypes Are Alive and Well.
Snodgrass, Sara E.
Two studies, in late 1988 and early 1990, examined sex-role stereotypes held by northeastern liberal arts college students (N=719) and southern state university college students (N=145). The first study used the Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ) and compared ratings of men and women with the traditional sex-roles represented by the PAQ in the early 1970s. Subjects rated "masculine" men, women, and persons significantly differently from their ratings of "feminine" men, women, and persons. The second study examined subjects' definitions of "masculine" and "feminine" when applied to a man, a woman, or a person. "Masculine" and "feminine" were perceived quite differently by the subjects in this study. Masculine represented task-orientation and power-orientation, while"feminine" represented social-orientation. The only terms not differentiating "masculine" and "feminine" were "logical" and "competent," terms associated with career and task-orientation. Other task-oriented terms were perceived to be "masculine" (e.g. successful, good leader, active, respected). These results suggest that stereotypes continue to characterize masculinity as agentic and femininity as communal. These studies reflect that sex-role stereotypes do not appear to be dissolving 20-25 years after they were first defined. Men were still perceived as agentic and forceful and women were perceived as more communal and passive. (BHK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A