ERIC Number: ED333269
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Mass Screening: An Aid to Competency Based Program Development.
Siehl, Peterann M.; Studer, Jeannine
Adolescent suicide is the second leading cause of death in the adolescent population and is on the rise. This study used a mass screening concept as a pre-test identifier of at risk clients for suicide ideation and depressions; development of a competency-based prevention group treatment program, and the post-testing of the identified at-risk population to empirically evaluate the group treatment program for its effectiveness in reducing suicidal ideation and depressive symptomatology. Subjects (N=109) were ninth grade students who completed the Suicide Ideation Questionnaire (SIQ) and the Reynold's Adolescent Depression Survey (RADS). Students who scored on or above the test manual cutoff scores were identified as "at risk-needing treatment." The identified students (N=21) were offered an 8-week group treatment program. Pre- and post-test data were analyzed for frequencies of responses on the inventories and for gender differences. Treatment (N=11) and non-treatment (N=10) group differences were analyzed. A significant difference was found between pre- and post-test RADS scores of the total population, while a trend toward significance was found in the SIQ total population sample. In spite of the small sample size, graphic representations of pre- and post-test means support the hypothesis that the treatment group would improve at a higher degree than the non-treatment group. It was concluded that the mass screening is one tool useful for early identification of at-risk youth. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Suicidology (24th, Boston, MA, April 17-21, 1991).